The right to education is a fundamental human right. Ensuring proper access to quality education for every human being is, without any ounce of doubt, essential for the continued prosperity of human society. Unfortunately, the flaws and limitations of this same society prevent equal, unhindered access to quality education.

This article explores the phenomenon of inequity in education and shines light upon certain key factors that can alleviate inequality globally.

The Key Reasons Behind The Global Education Gap

What do YOU think are the biggest reasons behind educational equality?

The first thing that comes to mind is the unequal distribution of wealth and income disparity.

Inequity in Wealth & Resource Distribution

Inequity and inequality are widespread in nearly every aspect of the modern society. Socio-economic and financial disparities are prevalent everywhere – you will find the rich elite and the poor & impoverished in nearly every country. Rising economies and fast-developing nations exhibit a much more diverse and wide spectrum of wealth distribution, with the upper & lower-middle-class social strata struggling to keep their held high in the ever-rising level of global inflation.

Lack of Infrastructure

Poor educational infrastructure is a major factor when it comes to poor accessibility. For lower-income families, scheduled tribes & castes, and other backward classes, a career in education is already challenging due to low income, inequity in accessing different socio-economic amenities, and limited opportunities. Poor civic and education infrastructure further aggravates their challenges.

Poorly trained & educated teaching personnel, lack of access to digital & online learning resources, bad roads or the outright lack of them, and lack of building infrastructure & other necessary amenities are major reasons that plague countries in Africa, South & South East Asia, South America, and even Europe.

Inadequate & Flawed Government Policies

Patterns of social and economic disadvantages impact accessibility, advancement, quality, and overall equity in education. And a major cause behind such socio-economic disadvantages is policies that fail to address the underlying causes. In most cases, educational policies are short-sighted and aim for quick (but ineffective) resolution, appeasement & appreciation from the public and/or some vote bank. And this remains true for both developed and developing economies.

Corruption, political agenda, lack of integrity, selfish interests & cooperation between political parties, industrialists, corporations, and the rich elite, and irresponsibility of the incumbent are other major reasons behind ineffective & biased education policies and their lack of proper implementation. Higher inequity in education occurs mostly in those countries where governments & administrations misuse their role & power to attain some political agenda.

Poorly Construed Curriculum

Lack of diversity in the curriculum can also put off learners, especially those from rural areas and belonging to backward classes, native, tribal, and minority groups. Language and cultural barriers prevent them from connecting deeply with academic curricula that propagate vastly different ideas. Poor teaching infrastructure and lack of proper teaching staff further aggravate the problems.

Stereotypical Negativity

Unfriendly and offensive attitudes due to racial, religious, gender, and social intolerance & prejudices also greatly impact a learner’s disposition and motivation. Coupled with financial stringencies, offensive behavior and intolerance are enough to sap away the will to attain a better education.

The four above points highlight the most prominent causes of education inequity in the 21st century. Each of the above points is highly correlated with one another & dependent upon several multi-dimensional factors, with origins in the self-preserving & selfish nature of the human character.

Steps To Improve Accessibility, Quality & Equity

The ideal idea behind assignment writing services in education is about making quality education accessible to all learners, irrespective of ANY factor. Achieving so is a humongous challenge that can only be attained with systematic cooperation among all stakeholders in the local, national, and international educational industry, from parents & guardians, students & tutors, to policymakers & ministers.


Systems, policies, and infrastructure must be designed to provide access to and deliver quality education to learners across the board. Adequate training of teaching staff and implementation of advanced technologies are critical aspects of such design.

Classrooms must be well equipped for learning, schools must be safe & all-inclusive spaces, and teachers must be motivated & educated enough to guide learners toward a bright future.


Selection, teaching, and evaluation practices must be designed to improve learning outcomes and reduce dropout rates. Steps must be taken to provide systemic aid to students from lower-income, minority & backward classes. The links between education and an economically-viable career must be made clear, and instructors must guide & counsel students toward the right avenues.


Inequity in resource allocation is a serious cause of inequity in education. Governments and policymakers must appreciate and focus on remote, smaller, rural, and public academic institutions as much as on renowned private institutions of big cities.

Priority of resource provisioning must be equal for all. Careful monitoring of allocation and utilization of resources must ensure that the one with the greatest needs avail it. Governments and policymakers must engage workers and stakeholders at all levels to determine the necessity of resources across all levels and set systems & strategies in place for appropriate resource allocation & consumption.

Education is essential not just for development but for our very survival. A country can only truly progress towards a better future if its residents are educated enough to know what it truly means to be better.